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Buena Ventura AK - História

Buena Ventura AK - História


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Buena Ventura

Buena Ventura é uma cidade da Colômbia e Cuba.

(AK: T. 4881; 1. 405 '; b. 52'5 "; dr. 25'; s. 10,5 k .; cpl. 93; a. 15")

Buena Ventura (No. 1335), um navio de carga, foi lançado em 1913 pela Northumberland Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., Howden-on-Tyne, Inglaterra; requisitado pelo Conselho de Navegação para uso do Exército; transferido para a Marinha em 25 de julho de 1918; comissionado em 26 de julho de 1918, o Tenente Comandante H. Fitzsimons, USNRF, no comando; e reportado ao Serviço de Transporte Naval Overseas.

Em 9 de agosto de 1918, ele partiu para Nova York para se juntar a um comboio que partiria no dia 13. Em 14 de setembro, depois de descarregar sua carga em LaPallice, Royan e Bordeaux, França, ela partiu em um comboio com destino à Filadélfia. Dois dias fora do porto, o comboio foi atacado pelo submarino alemão U-46 e Buena Ventura foi atingido por dois torpedos em 2045. Foi abandonado e afundou poucos minutos depois com a perda de 19 homens.


Lei Antidiscriminação de 1945 e Elizabeth Peratrovich

A Lei Antidiscriminação do Alasca de 1945 foi a primeira lei antidiscriminação da história americana a ser aprovada. Esta legislação foi liderada pela Irmandade Nativa do Alasca (ANS) e pela Irmandade Nativa do Alasca (ANB), incluindo Tlingit e a Grande Presidente da ANS, Elizabeth Peratrovich.

Serum Run de 1925

Em janeiro de 1925, um surto de difteria ocorreu em Nome, gerando temores de que uma epidemia se espalharia e mataria milhares, se o medicamento antitoxina não fosse fornecido. Começando em Nenana, equipes de trenós puxados por cães se espalharam por 674 milhas até Nome, entregando o tão necessário soro de antitoxina. Muitos aspectos dessa jornada são comemorados anualmente na corrida de trenós puxados por cães Iditarod.

Internação Japonesa no Alasca durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial

A Ordem Executiva 9066, emitida pelo presidente Franklin D. Roosevelt em 19 de fevereiro de 1942, autorizou o encarceramento de nipo-americanos, ítalo-americanos e alemão-americanos. Os nipo-americanos que viviam no Alasca foram presos e enviados para um campo de internamento temporário em Fort Richardson antes de serem enviados para o Lower 48.

Realocação de Unangax̂ (Aleut) durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial

Após o ataque japonês às Ilhas Aleutas do Alasca em 3 de junho de 1942, as autoridades evacuaram à força os nativos do Alasca das Ilhas Aleutas e Pribilof. Esses nativos do Alasca foram realocados para seis áreas no sudeste do Alasca, alguns foram alojados em edifícios antigos e abandonados de enlatados. A falta de alimentação adequada, moradia e assistência médica resultou em mortes e traumas para os realocados.

Internatos no Alasca

Os internatos históricos para nativos do Alasca foram estabelecidos por recém-chegados americanos para destribalizar e assimilar os povos indígenas na cultura euro-americana. Essas escolas foram administradas por missionários cristãos de várias denominações até por volta da virada do século 20, quando muitas dessas escolas foram assumidas pelo governo federal.

Primeira Guerra Mundial e a experiência do Alasca

A Primeira Guerra Mundial foi uma guerra global que durou de julho de 1914 a novembro de 1918, que resultou em mais de nove milhões de combatentes e sete milhões de vítimas civis. Mesmo antes de os Estados Unidos entrarem na guerra em 1917, as mulheres do Alasca ingressaram na Cruz Vermelha e os homens do Alasca viajaram para o Canadá para se alistar e lutar nas Forças Expedicionárias Britânicas. No Alasca, mais de 10.000 homens se alistaram para servir entre 1917 e 1918.

O Exxon valdez Derramamento de óleo

Às 12h04 do dia 24 de março de 1989, o petroleiro Exxon valdez atingiu Bligh Reef ao largo de Prince William Sound, Alasca, resultando em um dos maiores derramamentos de óleo na história dos Estados Unidos. Aproximadamente 11 milhões de galões de petróleo bruto foram derramados cobrindo uma área de 460 milhas de Bligh Reef ao vilarejo de Chignik, impactando 2.100 milhas da costa do Alasca.


Temos relacionamentos com milhares de marcas de renome que atendem aos mercados de comunicações e segurança, elétricos e eletrônicos, serviços públicos e banda larga. Essas parcerias garantem aos nossos clientes que tudo o que eles compram de nós será comprovado, confiável e de alta qualidade.


Com cerca de 800 filiais e depósitos em todo o mundo, somos um parceiro estratégico global que oferece suporte eficiente e consistente às operações de nossos clientes, onde quer que estejam.

Também somos especialistas em compras com paixão por serviços. Com nossos programas integrados de fornecimento, comércio eletrônico e contas globais, podemos e estamos prontos para ajudar os clientes a otimizar sua cadeia de suprimentos. Também usamos nossa estratégia One WESCO para integrar nossos produtos, serviços e relacionamentos com fornecedores em soluções abrangentes que podem ter um impacto positivo em seus negócios.

Temos recursos e experiência para fornecer as tecnologias mais recentes, incluindo:

  • Rede industrial
  • Edifícios inteligentes
  • Computação em nuvem
  • Energia alternativa
  • Comunicações de banda larga
  • Proteção de infraestrutura crítica
  • Retrofits de iluminação LED
  • Segurança física

Aqui está o resultado final: independentemente da tarefa, sua escala ou localização, nossa equipe experiente e entusiasmada o ajudará a concluir. Isso não mudou desde 1922, e nunca mudará.

Usamos nossa estratégia One WESCO e soluções baseadas em valor para oferecer um serviço excepcional aos nossos clientes

Um WESCO é o nosso processo para combinar nossas ofertas de produtos e serviços, experiência e relacionamento com fornecedores em soluções abrangentes de gerenciamento de cadeia de suprimentos para nossos clientes e suas operações em todo o mundo. Nosso objetivo é sempre fornecer aos clientes uma gama completa de produtos, serviços e soluções que mantenham seus negócios funcionando da melhor forma e os ajudem a ficar à frente da concorrência.

Nossa principal vantagem competitiva é como agregamos valor aos negócios em geral. Com nossas Soluções de Criação de Valor LEAN, ajudamos a descobrir oportunidades que podem impactar diretamente os resultados financeiros de nossos clientes.


Buena Ventura AK - História

15/10 - 22/10. Tyler, TX
27/10 - 03/11. Yuma, AZ
07/11 - 20/11. San Jose, CA
07/12 - 31/12. San Jose, CA

01/01 - 01/20. San Jose, CA
09/02 - 16/02. Ukiah, CA
21/02 - 27/02. Napa, CA
03/03 - 03/10. Santa Bárbara, CA
20/05 - 29/05. Vacaville, CA
09/06 - 16/06. Fairbanks, AK
18/06 - 25/06. Kenai, AK
30/06 - 06/07. Juneau, AK
12/07 - 16/07. San Jose, CA
19/07 - 26/07. Tyler, TX
01/08 - 07/08. Killeen, TX
11/08 - 18/08. Hawthorne, CA
08/09 - 15/09. Anchorage, AK
21/10 - 28/10. San Jose, CA
30/10 - 04/11. San Diego, CA
09/11 - 16/11. Riverside, CA
24/11 - 31/11. Ventura, CA
09/12 - 15/12. Vista, CA

14/02 - 24/02. Chico, CA
02/03 - 09/03. Stanford, CA
12/03 - 18/03. West Hollywood, CA
20/03 - 30/03. Santa Rosa, CA
08/04 - 20/04. Atlanta, GA
24/04 - 04/05. Hot Springs, AR
09/05 - 19/05. Pottsville, PA
23/05 - 30/05. Kearney, NE
07/06 - 15/06. Chicago, IL
26/06 - 06/07. San Antonio, TX
12/07 - 19/07. Fort Wayne, IN
22/07 - 29/07. Ashtabula, OH
04/08 - 11/08. Las Vegas, NV
14/08 - 26/08. San Jose, CA
28/08 - 02/09. Hollister, CA
03/09 - 09/07. Santa Cruz, CA
12/09 - 21/09. Denver, CO
25/09 - 02/10. Eugene, OR
10/10 - 20/10. Whittier, CA
25/10 - 03/11. Commerce, CA
08/11 - 16/11. Thousand Oaks, CA
21/11 - 30/11. Tulsa ok
07/12 - 14/12. Dallas, TX

1987 Anexo "A"

01/03 - 01/10. San Fernando, CA
20/01 - 27/01. Maui, HI
29/01 - 05/02. Honolulu, HI
06/02 - 02/12. Hilo, HI
14/02 - 20/02. Kona, HI
22/02 - 28/02. Kauai, HI
20/03 - 29/03. Reno, NV
07/04 - 14/04. Champaign, IL
18/04 - 24/04. Reynoldsburg, OH
27/04 - 03/05. Frankfort, KY
08/05 - 16/05. Cincinnati, OH
20/05 - 26/05. Comer, GA
01/06 a 07/06. St Louis, MO
11/06 - 17/06. Sioux Center, IA
20/06 a 27/06. Cambridge, MN
29/06 a 05/07. Milwaukee, WI
08/07 - 14/07. Escanaba, MI
16/07 - 23/07. Chicago, IL
26/07 - 02/08. Ottawa, IL
04/08 - 10/08. Pittsburgh, PA
12/08 - 18/08. Clarks Summit, PA
20/08 - 26/08. Cortland, NY
07/09 - 13/09. Atenas, TN
17/09 - 24/09. Albany, NY
10/07 - 10/10. Raleigh, NC
10/10 - 13/10. Fayetteville, NC
15/10 - 22/10. Charlotte, NC
24/10 - 30/10. Columbus, GA
11/01 - 11/07. Nova Orleans, LA
09/11 - 15/11. Birmingham, AL
28/11 - 04/12. Ozark, AL
07/12 - 13/12. Pensacola, FL
15/12 - 22/12. Ft Lauderdale, FL

1987 Anexo "B"

05/04 - 12/04. Fremont, CA
18/04 - 24/04. Arcata, CA
27/04 - 03/05. Redding, CA
05/05 - 05/12. Los Angeles, Califórnia
20/05 - 29/05. Houston, Texas
01/06 a 07/06. Corpus Christi, TX
10/06 - 16/06. Appleton, WI
21/06 - 27/06. Montrose, CO
03/07 - 07/10. Wichita, KS
17/07 - 25/07. Minot, ND
29/07 - 04/08. Fergus Falls, MN
08/08 - 15/08. South St Paul, MN
18/08 - 24/08. Sioux City, IA
01/09 - 07/09. Huron, SD
11/09 - 17/09. Macomb, IL
30/09 - 06/10. Big Spring, TX
10/10 - 17/10. Albuquerque, NM
29/10 - 04/11. Fresno, CA
08/11 - 15/11. Monterey, CA

1988 Anexo "A"

18/01 - 31/01. West Palm Bch, FL
02/04 - 02/11. Jacksonville, FL
27/02 - 04/03. Inverness, FL
08/03 - 14/03. Albany, GA
18/03 - 24/03. Carrollton, GA
28/03 - 03/04. Macon, GA
08/04 - 14/04. Greenville, SC
18/04 - 24/04. Asheville, NC
28/04 - 02/05. Steubenville, OH
04/05 - 05/10. Johnstown, PA
13/05 - 19/05. Norfolk, VA
27/05 - 31/05. Comer, GA
04/06 - 12/06. Little Rock, AR
17/06 a 25/06. Lenoir City, TN
28/06 - 04/07. Atlanta, GA
09/07 - 15/07. São Petersburgo, FL
24/07 - 31/07. Orlando, FL
04/08 - 10/08. Louisville, KY
15/08 - 21/08. Carlisle, PA
26/08 - 01/09. Dunquerque, NY
08/09 - 14/09. Elmhurst, IL
07/10 - 13/10. Norfolk, NE
17/10 - 23/10. Cleveland, OH
26/10 - 01/11. Toledo, OH
07/11 - 13/11. Jasper, AL

Cronograma "B" de 1988

10/04 - 17/04. São Francisco, CA
04/05 - 05/10. Vancouver, Canadá
17/05 - 23/05. Salina, KS
26/05 - 01/06. Houston, Texas
04/06 - 10/06. Biloxi, MS
21/06 - 27/06. Bossier City, LA
02/07 - 07/07. Des Plaines, IL
09/07 - 15/07. St Peters, MO
17/07 - 24/07. Evansville, IN
27/07 - 02/08. Flint, MI
05/08 - 11/08. Des Moines, IA
14/08 - 20/08. Omaha, NE
24/08 - 30/08. Loveland, CO
03/09 - 09/09. Los Angeles, Califórnia
13/09 - 19/09. Porterville, CA
03/10 - 09/10. Salem, OR
07/11 - 13/11. Riverside, CA
15/11 - 18/11. Hawthorne, CA

1989 Anexo "A"

26/02 - 04/03. Lubbock, TX
06/03 - 12/03. Pilot Point, TX
04/03 - 04/09. Melbourne, FL
14/04 - 20/04. Greenville, NC
25/04 - 01/05. Big Stone Gap, VA
05/05 - 05/11. Winston-Salem, NC
17/05 - 21/05. Chattanooga, TN
25/05 - 29/05. Comer, GA
01/06 a 07/06. Marion, IN
22/06 a 28/06. State College, PA
02/07 - 07/08. Massena, NY
12/07 - 18/07. Bronx, NY
23/07 - 29/07. Greenfield, MA
01/08 - 13/08. Beverly, MA
18/08 - 24/08. Oneonta, NY
27/08 - 04/09. Orchard Park, NY
11/09 - 17/09. Kokomo, IN
24/09 - 01/10. Baton Rouge, LA
16/10 - 22/10. Mobile, AL
27/10 - 02/11. Jacksonville Bch, FL
07/11 - 17/11. Baymon, Porto Rico

1989 Cronograma "B"

09/04 - 15/04. Lake Charles, LA
20/04 - 26/04. Cape Girardeau, MO
01/05 - 07/05. Traverse City, MI
10/05 - 17/05. Aurora, IL
23/05 - 29/05. Alton, IL
02/06 - 08/06. Lincoln, NE
13/06 - 19/06. Valley City, ND
23/06 - 29/06. Pontiac, IL
01/07 - 04/07. Rockford, IL
09/07 - 15/07. Laramie, WY
28/07 - 03/08. Keystone, SD
07/08 - 13/08. Grand Island, NE
17/08 - 23/08. Maryville, TN
06/09 - 12/09. Round Rock, TX
15/09 - 22/09. Ventura, CA
02/10 - 08/10. Las Vegas, NV
23/10 - 27/10. Orange, CA
11/03 - 11/09. Camp Pendleton, CA
10/11 - 17/11. Glendale, CA
19/11 - 26/11. Hawthorne, CA

1989 Cronograma "C"

15/04 - 23/04. Sheboygan, WI
25/05 - 29/05. Houston, Texas
30/06 - 04/07. Detroit, MI
12/08 - 20/08. San Jose, CA

1990 Anexo "A"

02/04 - 08/04. Melbourne, FL
30/04 - 06/05. Snellville, GA
14/05 - 20/05. Erie, PA
24/05 - 30/05. Mentor, OH
02/06 - 08/06. Hyannis, MA
11/06 - 17/06. Wilkes-Barre, PA
20/06 - 26/06. Richmond, IN
30/06 - 06/07. Concord, NH
09/08 - 15/08. Bangor, ME
09/09 - 16/09. Asheville, NC
20/09 - 26/09. Greenville, SC
29/09 - 05/10. Gaffney, SC
09/10 - 15/10. Lake City, FL
18/10 - 24/10. Rockwood, TN
28/10 - 03/11. Butler, AL
11/05 - 11/12. Zachary, LA

1990 Anexo "B"

05/04 - 11/04. Alamo, TX
14/04 - 22/04. Waco, TX
24/04 - 30/04. San Antonio, TX
06/05 - 05/12. Glenwood, IL
16/05 - 21/05. Milão, TN
27/05 - 03/06. Ness City, KS
08/06 - 14/06. Colorado Spgs, CO
18/06 - 24/06. Kansas City, MO
01/07 - 07/07. Seward, NE
11/07 - 17/07. Skokie, IL
21/07 - 28/07. Cheyenne, WY
02/08 - 19/08. Columbus, OH
23/08 - 29/08. Grayling, MI
02/09 - 08/09. Hillside, IL
10/09 - 16/09. Murphysboro, IL
19/09 - 25/09. Peoria, IL
29/09 - 05/10. Springfield, IL
10/10 - 16/10. Memphis, TN
19/10 - 27/10. Longview, TX
11/05 - 11/11. George AFB, CA
18/11 - 24/11. Hawthorne, CA

1990 Anexo "C"

17/05 - 20/05. Anniston, AL
25/05 - 28/05. Comer, GA
08/07 - 22/07. San Jose, CA
03/08 - 12/08. Rapid City, SD

1991 Anexo "A"

22/04 - 28/04. Carson City, NV
14/05 - 20/05. Northlake, IL
23/05 - 27/05. Comer, GA
30/05 - 05/06. Hamilton, OH
17/06 - 23/06. Queens, NY
29/06 - 05/07. Olean, NY
09/07 - 15/07. Peekskill, NY
19/07 - 25/07. Lockport, NY
28/07 - 03/08. Rochester, NY
06/08 - 12/08. Providence, RI
16/08 - 22/08. Gardner, MA
26/08 - 01/09. Watertown, NY
05/09 - 18/09. Rutland, VT
03/10 - 09/10. Virginia Beach, VA
26/10 - 01/11. Santo Agostinho, FL
11/06 - 11/12. Metairie, LA

1991 Anexo "B"

07/04 - 14/04. Melbourne, FL
17/04 - 23/04. São Petersburgo, FL
29/04 - 05/05. União, SC
17/05 - 20/05. Flecha Quebrada, OK
24/05 - 27/05. Houston, Texas
31/05 - 06/06. Cahokia, IL
09/06 - 15/06. Davenport, IA
24/06 - 30/06. Tuscumbia, AL
08/07 - 14/07. Gering, NE
17/07 - 23/07. Columbus, NE
26/07 - 01/08. Chisholm, MN
04/08 - 10/08. Mankato, MN
14/08 - 20/08. Ypsilanti, MI
23/08 - 29/08. Mount Clemens, MI
01/09 - 07/09. Coldwater, MI
10/09 - 15/09. Kokomo, IN
18/09 - 23/09. Sikeston, MO
27/09 - 03/10. Ellinwood, KS
10/11 - 16/11. Ventura, CA
24/11 - 30/11. Hawthorne, CA

1991 Anexo "C"

13/06 - 18/06. San Diego, CA
21/06 - 23/06. Gilroy, CA
29/06 - 02/07. Austin, TX
02/09 - 08/09. Windrow Rock, AZ

1992 Anexo "A"

19/01 - 26/01. San Jose, CA
05/04 - 11/04. Parma, OH
27/04 - 03/05. Dahlonega, GA
11/05 - 17/05. Bloomington, IN
21/05 - 25/05. Comer, GA
29/05 - 04/06. Marion, IN
07/06 - 13/06. Leetonia, OH
16/06 - 22/06. Muncy, PA
25/06 - 01/07. Hermitage, PA
13/07 - 19/07. Lake Placid, NY
27/07 - 02/08. White Plains, NY
08/08 - 16/08. Hamilton, Ont, Canadá
19/08 - 25/08. Dunquerque, NY
28/08 - 03/09. Indiana, PA
06/09 - 12/09. Suffern, NY
14/09 - 20/09. Kokomo, IN
28/09 - 04/10. Charlotte, AR
08/10 - 14/10. Crawfordsville, IN
17/10 - 23/10. Cartago, MO
09/11 - 15/11. Natchez, MS

1992 Cronograma "B"

15/01 - 19/01. Clovis, CA
25/02 - 02/03. Barstow, CA
06/03 - 12/03. Boulder City, NV
29/03 - 05/04. Melbourne, FL
08/04 - 14/04. Winnsboro, LA
20/04 - 26/04. Lafayette, LA
12/05 - 18/05. Springfield, MO
22/05 - 28/05. Minneola, KS
02/06 - 08/06. Pagosa Springs, CO
12/06 - 18/06. Azle, TX
21/06 - 27/06. Enid ok
07/07 - 07/11. Rapid City, SD
13/07 - 19/07. Bolingbrook, IL
07/08 - 13/08. Negaunee, MI
17/08 - 23/08. Waupaca, WI
04/09 - 09/10. Merton, WI
13/09 - 19/09. Mount Vernon, IL
21/09 - 27/09. Woodridge, IL
01/10 - 07/10. Humilde, TX
09/10 - 17/10. Angleton, TX
22/10 - 28/10. Beaumont, TX
09/11 - 15/11. Buena Park, CA
22/11 - 28/11. Hawthorne, CA
30/11 - 06/12. El Centro, CA

1992 Cronograma "C"

22/05 - 31/05. Indian Canyon, CA
03/07 - 09/07. Farmington, NM

Anexo "A" de 1993

08/03 - 14/03. Livermore, CA
19/03 - 23/03. Manteca, CA
26/03 - 02/04. Ridgecrest, CA
25/04 - 09/05. Saginaw, MI
12/05 - 18/05. Findlay, OH
30/05 - 31/05. Washingtonville, OH
07/06 - 13/06. Indianápolis, IN
17/06 - 23/06. Newport, KY
29/06 - 05/07. Pigeon Forge, TN
15/07 - 21/07. Agana, Guam
23/07 - 27/07. Saipan, Ilhas Marianas
30/07 - 05/08. Maui, HI
07/08 - 13/08. Molokai, HI
24/08 - 30/08. Killeen, TX
04/09 - 09/10. Shakopee, MN
13/09 - 19/09. Neillsville, WI
23/09 - 29/09. Alexandria, IN
01/10 - 07/10. South Bend, IN
10/10 - 16/10. Highland, IN
11/01 - 11/07. Brea, CA
09/11 - 15/11. Buena Park, CA

1993 Cronograma "B"

20/03 - 26/03. Página, AZ
04/04 - 04/10. Latrobe, PA
19/04 - 25/04. Melbourne, FL
28/04 - 04/05. Tallapoosa, GA
07/05 - 13/05. Warner Robins, GA
17/05 - 23/05. Dothan, AL
27/05 - 31/05. Comer, GA
08/06 - 14/06. Camp Lejeune, NC
18/06 - 24/06. Martinsburg, WV
29/06 - 05/07. Bath, NY
08/07 - 14/07. Lowell, MA
17/07 - 23/07. Worcester, MA
25/07 - 31/07. Fall River, MA
06/08 - 08/08. Hamilton, Ontário
12/08 - 18/08. Glens Falls, NY
22/08 - 28/08. East Syracuse, NY
01/09 - 07/09. Punxsutawney, PA
12/09 - 19/09. Asheville, NC
23/09 - 29/09. Huntsville, MO
02/10 - 08/10. Hays, KS
11/10 - 17/10. Muskogee, ok
29/10 - 04/11. Houma, LA
07/11 - 13/11. Metairie, LA
21/11 - 27/11. Hawthorne, CA

1993 Cronograma "C"

10/05 - 16/05. Hawthorne, NV
01/07 - 07/07. Crescent City, CA
25/10 - 30/10. Março AFB, CA

Anexo "A" de 1994

27/02 - 05/03. Vale da Morte, CA
04/04 - 04/10. Mitchell, SD
13/04 - 19/04. Girard, KS
22/04 - 28/04. Tishomingo, ok
01/05 - 07/05. Rogers, AR
10/05 - 16/05. Dixon, MO
19/05 - 25/05. Marshall, IL
27/05 - 02/06. East Liverpool, OH
06/06 - 06/12. Indianápolis, IN
14/06 - 20/06. Newark, OH
22/06 a 28/06. Olean, NY
01/07 - 05/07. Filadélfia, PA
08/07 - 14/07. Pittston, PA
18/07 - 24/07. Ohsweken, Canadá
28/07 - 03/08. Haverhill, MA
07/08 - 13/08. Madawaska, ME
15/08 - 21/08. Bangor, ME
28/08 - 09/10. Bennington, VT
14/09 - 18/09. Kokomo, IN
10/04 - 10/10. Lynchburg, TN
23/10 - 29/10. Zachary, LA
07/11 - 13/11. Ventura, CA
16/11 - 22/11. Stockton, CA

Anexo "B" de 1994

09/04 - 15/04. Plant City, FL
18/04 - 24/04. Melbourne, FL
07/05 - 13/05. Morehead City, NC
16/05 - 22/05. Cartersville, GA
25/05 - 30/05. Comer, GA
02/06 - 08/06. Lancaster, PA
11/06 - 19/06. Hermitage, PA
23/06 - 29/06. Stanton, MI
01/07 - 07/07. Midland, MI
11/07 - 17/07. Palos Hills, IL
20/07 - 26/07. Oneida, WI
28/07 - 04/08. Oshkosh, WI
08/08 - 14/08. Kasson, MN
17/08 - 23/08. Unionville, MO
26/08 - 01/09. Hillsboro, OH
04/09 - 12/09. Martinsburg, WV
16/09 - 22/09. Fairfield, IL
26/09 - 02/10. Jackson, MS
05/10 - 11/10. Bossier City, LA
15/10 - 21/10. Amarillo, TX
24/10 - 30/10. La Jara, CO
05/11 - 13/11. Buena Park, CA
15/11 - 21/11. Santa Clarita, CA
23/11 - 29/11. Hawthorne, CA

1995 Anexo "A"

23/04 - 29/04. Davis, CA
08/05 - 14/05. Ridgecrest, CA
26/05 - 01/06. Fairbanks, AK
03/06 - 09/06. Anchorage, AK
11/06 - 17/06. Soldotna, AK
22/06 a 28/06. Juneau, AK
09/07 - 15/07. Missoula, MT
17/07 - 23/07. Great Falls, MT
25/07 - 31/07. Helena, MT
02/08 - 08/08. Bozeman, MT
13/08 - 19/08. Buffalo, NY
23/08 - 29/08. Meredith, NH
01/09 - 07/09. Pembroke, MA
10/09 - 16/09. Springfield, MA
19/09 - 25/09. West Haven, CT
28/09 - 04/10. York, PA
07/10 - 13/10. Carmel, NY
19/10 - 25/10. Union, NJ
30/10 - 05/11. Succasunna, NJ

1995 Anexo "B"

15/03 - 21/03. Valdosta, GA
24/03 - 30/03. Leesburg, FL
04/03 - 04/09. Melbourne, FL
15/04 - 21/04. Tampa, FL
24/04 - 30/04. Augusta, GA
04/05 - 05/10. Líbano, PA
14/05 - 20/05. Erie, PA
23/05 - 29/05. Kirtland, OH
05/06 - 11/06. Bismarck, ND
14/06 - 20/06. Defiance, OH
23/06 - 29/06. Rochester, PA
02/07 - 08/07. Alpena, MI
12/07 - 18/07. Waterloo, NY
20/07 - 26/07. Binghamton, NY
30/07 - 05/08. Milton, PA
10/08 - 16/08. Crystal Falls, MI
19/08 - 24/08. Green Bay, WI
26/08 - 31/08. Milwaukee, WI
07/09 - 13/09. Fort Dodge, IA
24/09 - 30/09. Decorah, IA
10/04 - 10/10. Bartlesville, OK
13/10 - 19/10. Emporia, KS
21/10 - 27/10. Wichita Falls, TX
11/01 - 11/07. Winnemucca, NV
10/11 - 18/11. Buena Park, CA
20/11 - 26/11. Hawthorne, CA

Anexo "C" de 1995

24/05 - 29/05. Comer, GA
05/06 - 11/06. Indianápolis, IN
02/10 - 08/10. Azusa, CA

1996 Anexo "A"

13/03 - 19/03. La Porte, TX
21/03 - 27/03. Bastrop, LA
06/04 - 12/04. Perkinston, MS
15/04 - 21/04. Melbourne, FL
24/04 - 30/04. Tampa, FL
04/05 - 05/10. Mountain Home, TN
13/05 - 19/05. Fort Meade, MD
22/05 - 28/05. Batavia, NY
31/05 - 06/06. Kingston, NY
10/06 - 16/06. Indianápolis, IN
19/06 - 25/06. Richmond, IN
28/06 - 04/07. Effingham, IL
07/07 - 07/13. Fort Campbell, KY
21/07 - 27/07. Boalsburg, PA
30/07 - 05/08. Kittanning, PA
08/08 - 14/08. Clarks Summit, PA
24/08 - 30/08. Somerset, KY
05/09 - 11/09. Put-In-Bay, OH
14/09 - 20/09. Youngstown, OH
24/09 - 30/09. Mayville, NY
05/10 - 11/10. South Bend, IN
15/10 - 21/10. Crossville, TN
24/10 - 30/10. Greers Ferry, AR
11/03 - 11/09. Buena Vista, CO

Anexo "B" de 1996

05/05 - 05/11. Chico, CA
14/05 - 20/05. Yountville, CA
23/05 - 29/05. Bishop, CA
01/06 a 07/06. Joshua Tree, CA
12/06 - 18/06. Sterling, CO
21/06 - 27/06. Golden, CO
30/06 - 06/07. Meeker, CO
09/07 - 15/07. Havre, MT
18/07 - 24/07. Billings, MT
29/07 - 04/08. Glendive, MT
07/08 - 13/08. Sioux Center, IA
16/08 - 22/08. Atlantic, IA
02/09 - 08/09. Skidmore, MO
10/09 - 16/09. Hannibal, MO
19/09 - 25/09. Farmington, MO
28/09 - 04/10. Galesburg, IL
10/10 - 13/10. Bonaparte, IA
17/10 - 23/10. Tonganoxie, KS
26/10 - 01/11. Medicine Lodge, KS
08/11 - 17/11. Buena Park, CA
24/11 - 30/11. Hawthorne, CA

Anexo "C" de 1996

21/05 - 27/05. Palos Verdes, CA
20/06 - 26/06. West Palm Bch, FL
30/06 - 06/07. Memphis, TN
10/07 - 16/07. Hermitage, PA
20/07 - 26/07. Cleveland, OH
18/08 - 24/08. Chicago, IL
10/09 - 16/09. Cedar Rapids, IA
19/09 - 26/09. Muscatine, IA
29/09 - 05/10. Coffeyville, KS
17/10 - 23/10. Shawnee ok
28/10 - 03/11. Novato, CA
11/06 - 11/12. Hayward, CA

Anexo "A" de 1997

15/03 - 21/03. St Amant, LA
24/03 - 30/03. Fort Myers, FL
04/04 - 04/10. Tampa, FL
14/04 - 20/04. Melbourne, FL
09/05 - 15/05. Findlay, OH
20/05 - 26/05. Zanesville, OH
30/05 - 05/06. Akron, OH
09/06 - 15/06. Ft Benjamin Harrison, IN
18/06 - 24/06. Belleville, MI
01/07 - 07/07. LaCrosse, WI
14/07 - 20/07. Kane, PA
23/07 - 29/07. Roma, NY
01/08 - 07/08. Newark, NY
11/08 - 17/08. Enosburg Falls, VT
23/08 - 01/09. Sandusky, MI
04/09 - 09/10. St Marys, PA
15/09 - 21/09. Gloucester, MA
23/09 - 29/09. Stoneham, MA
01/10 - 07/10. Pittsfield, MA
10/10 - 16/10. Harrisburg, PA
19/10 - 25/10. Pleasantville, NY
11/04 - 11/11. Portsmouth, OH
17/11 - 23/11. Gilroy, CA

Anexo "B" de 1997

04/04 - 04/10. Lago Isabella, CA
13/04 - 19/04. Temple City, CA
22/04 - 28/04. Westminster, CA
01/05 - 07/05. Ventura, CA
12/05 - 18/05. Santa Bárbara, CA
22/05 - 28/05. Alamagordo, NM
02/06 - 08/06. El Reno, OK
11/06 - 17/06. Topeka, KS
22/06 a 29/06. Boonville, MO
07/04 - 07/10. Brunswick, GA
15/07 - 21/07. El Dorado, KS
25/07 - 31/07. Claremore ok
03/08 - 09/08. Bloomfield NM
22/08 - 28/08. Fairmont, MN
01/09 - 07/09. Skidmore, MO
15/09 - 21/09. Kokomo, IN
24/09 - 30/09. St Paul, VA
04/10 - 08/10. Veneza, FL
12/10 - 18/10. New Roads, LA
23/10 - 29/10. Clovis, NM
31/10 - 04/11. Silver City, NM
08/11 - 16/11. Buena Park, CA
23/11 - 29/11. Hawthorne, CA

Anexo "C" de 1997

23/02 - 01/03. Vale da Morte, CA
15/03 - 21/03. Santa Cruz, CA
06/05 - 05/12. Barstow, CA
20/05 - 26/05. Dallas, TX
02/06 - 08/06. Pine Ridge, SD
13/06 - 19/06. Coos Bay, OR
23/06 - 29/06. Boise, ID
03/07 - 09/07. Ilha de South Whidbey, WA
12/07 - 18/07. Tacoma, WA
22/07 - 28/07. Ketchikan, AK
31/07 - 06/08. Klawock, AK
09/08 - 15/08. Sitka, AK
18/08 - 24/08. Wrangell, AK
27/08 - 02/09. Haines, AK
10/09 - 16/09. Ignacio, CO
25/09 - 05/10. Palm Desert, CA
11/10 - 17/10. Bakersfield, CA
11/03 - 11/09. Ridgecrest, CA

Anexo "A" de 1998

16/02 - 22/02 Burbank, CA
25/02 - 03/03 Laughlin, NV
06/03 - 03/12 Raton, NM
20/03 - 26/03 Longview, TX
29/03 - 04/04 El Dorado, AR
17/04 - 23/04 Tahlequah, OK
29/04 - 05/05 Covina, CA
10/05 - 16/05 Chewelah, WA
19/05 - 25/05 Leavenworth, WA
29/05 - 03/06 Riverside, CA
06/06 - 06/12 Klamath Falls, OU
18/06 - 20/06 Moorhead, MN
23/06 - 29/06 Cavalier, ND
02/07 - 08/07 Lafayette, IN
17/07 - 23/07 Pontiac, MI
26/07 - 01/08 Imlay City, MI
04/08 - 08/10 Coloma, MI
13/08 - 19/08 Belding, MI
23/08 - 29/08 St Peters, MO
01/09 - 07/09 Middleton, TN
21/09 - 27/09 Mascoutah, IL
30/09 - 06/10 Nevada, MO
08/11 - 14/11 Killeen, TX

Cronograma "B" de 1998

05/02 - 11/02 Ingleside, TX
14/02 - 20/02 Marble Falls, TX
10/03 - 16/03 Tampa, FL
19/03 - 25/03 Altamonte Springs, FL
08/04 - 14/04 Beaufort, SC
20/04 - 26/04 Melbourne, FL
03/05 - 09/05 Cumming, GA
14/05 - 20/05 Mt Pleasant, IA
23/05 - 29/05 Atwood, KS
10/06 - 16/06 Fort Collins, CO
19/06 - 25/06 Fort Scott, KS
29/06 - 05/07 Mineral Wells, TX
09/07 - 15/07 Roma, GA
18/07 - 24/07 Hillsville, VA
27/07 - 02/08 Matamoras, PA
04/08 - 08/10 Valley Stream, NY
12/08 - 18/08 Bristol, CT
20/08 - 26/08 Rotterdam, NY
28/08 - 03/09 Waverly, NY
05/09 - 11/09 Hazelton, PA
14/09 - 20/09 Meadville, PA
23/09 - 29/09 Albany, NY
10/04 - 10/10 Florença, SC
30/10 - 05/11 Norwalk, CA
07/11 - 15/11 Buena Park, CA
22/11 - 28/11 Hawthorne, CA

Cronograma "C" de 1998

28/03 - 03/04 Denver, CO
19/04 - 25/04 Trenton, MI
10/05 - 16/05 Peru, IL
20/05 - 25/05 Harrison, NJ
31/05 - 06/06 Forte Benjamin Harrison, IN
08/06 - 14/06 Monroe, MI
17/06 - 23/06 Kokomo, IN
02/07 - 08/07 Battle Creek, MI
12/07 - 18/07 Novo Castelo, PA
21/07 - 27/07 Cheektowaga, NY
02/08 - 08/08 Cedar Rapids, IA
13/08 - 19/08 Toledo, OH
29/08 - 05/09 Dubuque, IA
11/09 - 21/09 Neillsville, WI
24/09 - 30/09 Waukesha, WI
15/10 - 18/10 Palm Springs, CA
23/10 - 29/10 Rancho Cucamonga, CA
11/11 - 15/11 Pittsburg, CA

Anexo "A" de 1999

Cronograma 1999 & quotB & quot

09/03 - 15/03 Slidell, LA
24/03 - 30/03 Leesburg, FL
04/03 - 04/09 Ft Myers, FL
12/04 - 18/04 Melbourne, FL
21/04 - 27/04 Tampa, FL
30/04 - 06/05 Ft Lauderdale, FL
09/05 - 15/05 Praia Fernandina, FL
19/05 - 25/05 Granada, MS
28/05 - 01/06 Dacula, GA
06/06 - 06/12 Ovid, NY
14/06 - 20/06 Carlisle, PA
24/06 - 29/06 Princeton, WV
02/07 - 07/08 Southport, NC
12/07 - 18/07 Fayetteville, NC
21/07 - 27/07 Tarentum, PA
30/07 - 05/08 Lilly, PA
09/08 - 15/08 Atlantic City, NJ
18/08 - 24/08 Tannersville, PA
27/08 - 02/09 Christiana, PA
06/09 - 12/09 Skidmore, MO
15/09 - 21/09 Tonganoxie, KS
24/09 - 30/09 Detroit Lakes, MN
10/04 - 10/10 St Joseph, MO
16/10 - 23/10 Ft Smith, AR
28/10 - 03/11 Jackson, TN
11/05 - 11/11 Branson, MO
19/11 - 25/11 Sebring, FL
29/11 - 04/12 Union Point, GA

Cronograma 1999 & quotC & quot

21/05 - 31/05 Honolulu, HI
18/06 - 20/06 Hugoton, KS
23/06 - 27/06 Manitowoc, WI
30/06 - 06/07 Sault Ste Marie, MI
10/07 - 16/07 Sherman Mills, ME
19/07 - 25/07 Burlington, MA
27/07 - 02/08 Holliston, MA
04/08 - 10/08 Dorchester, MA
12/08 - 18/08 North Attleboro, MA
21/08 - 27/08 Bolton Landing, NY
01/09 - 07/09 Elyria, OH
09/09 - 15/09 Mansfield, OH
18/09 - 23/09 Chicago, IL
27/09 - 03/10 Lamar, MO
10/10 17/10 Angel Fire, NM
24/10 - 30/10 Ontário, CA
11/02 - 11/08 Palmdale, CA
11/11 - 17/11 Whittier, CA
12/01 - 12/07 Las Vegas, NV

2000 Anexo "A"

2000 Cronograma "B"

04 / 03-04 / 09 Melbourne, Flórida
04 / 12-04 / 18 Plant City, Flórida
20/04/04 / 26 Fort Lauderdale, Flórida
29 / 04-05 / 05 Barnwell, Carolina do Sul
05 / 08-05 / 21 Cleveland, Ohio
23/05/05 / 29 Kirtland, Ohio
06 / 05-06 / 11 Lawrence, Indiana
23/06/29 Butler, Pensilvânia
07 / 02-07 / 06 Massillon, Ohio
07 / 08-07 / 14 Cincinnati, Ohio
07 / 17-07 / 23 French Lick, Indiana
27/07/07 / 31 Fort Snelling, Minnesota
08 / 03-08 / 09 Elsberry, Missouri
08 / 12-08 / 18 Lawrenceville, Illinois
21/08/08 Somerset, Kentucky
09 / 01-09 / 04 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
09 / 07-09 / 13 West Tawakoni, Texas
16/09/09/22 Holdenville, Oklahoma
25/09/10/01 Hays, Kansas
04/10/10 Loveland, Colorado
13/10/2019 Hobbs, Novo México
28/10/11/02 West Covina, Califórnia
11 / 04-11 / 12 Lynwood, Califórnia
19/11/11/25 Hawthorne, Califórnia
28/11-12 / 04 Ceres, Califórnia

2000 Cronograma "C"

05 / 04-05 / 10 Milwaukee, Wisconsin
05 / 14-05 / 20 Hot Springs, Arkansas
29/05/06 / 04 Rancho Palos Verdes, Califórnia
06 / 12-06 / 18 Provo, Utah
22/06/28 Boise, Idaho
07 / 02-07 / 08 Watertown, Dakota do Sul
13/07/07 / 19 Helena, Montana
29 / 07-08 / 05 Silverdale, Washington
08 / 08-08 / 14 Bellingham, Washington
17/08/23 Nespelem, Washington
31/08/09 South Range, Michigan
09 / 07-09 / 13 Sturgis, Michigan
16/09/09/22 Coldwater, Ohio
25/09/10/01 Park Falls, Wisconsin
10 / 06-10 / 12 Weatherford, Oklahoma
20/10/10/26 Alameda, Califórnia
29/10/11/05 Ukiah, Califórnia
11 / 10-11 / 16 São Francisco, Califórnia

Anexo "A" de 2001

23/03/03 / 30 Tyndall AFB, Flórida
04 / 03-04 / 09 Plant City, Flórida
23/04/04 / 29 Melbourne, Flórida
05 / 02-05 / 08 Tallapoosa, Geórgia
05 / 11-05 / 17 Filadélfia, Pensilvânia
25/05-05 / 31 Herrin, Illinois
06 / 02-06 / 08 Kennet, Missouri
06 / 12-06 / 18 Greencastle, Indiana
23/06/29 Clinton, Missouri
07 / 02-07 / 08 Indianápolis, Indiana
07 / 12-07 / 18 Pittsburgh, Pensilvânia
21/07/07 / 27 Clarion, Pensilvânia
07 / 30-08 / 05 Norwood, Nova York
08 / 08-08 / 14 Fulton, Nova York
17/08/23 Bronx, Nova York
25/08/31 North Wildwood, Nova Jersey
09 / 02-09 / 08 West Haven, Connecticut
09 / 10-09 / 16 Suffern, Nova York
22/09/09 28 Joliet, Illinois
02/10/08 DeSoto, Kansas
10 / 10-10 / 16 Linn Creek, Missouri
21/10/10/27 Fulton, Mississippi
11 / 01-11 / 07 Hattiesburg, Mississippi
11 / 08-11 / 14 Gonzales, Louisiana

Anexo 2001 "C"

05 / 01-05 / 05 Ithaca, Nova York
05 / 08-05 / 12 Sanborn, Nova York
17/05/05 / 23 Chouteau, Oklahoma
26/05/06/01 Mountain Home, Arkansas
06 / 05-06 / 09 Elko, Nevada
06 / 12-06 / 18 Travis AFB, Califórnia
25/06/07 / 01 Esmond, Dakota do Norte
07 / 04-07 / 10 Judith Gap, Montana
07 / 14-07 / 20 Sandpoint, Idaho
24/07/07 / 30 Raymond, Washhington
08 / 06-08 / 12 Metlakatla, Alasca
16/08/08 Fairbanks, Alasca
24/08/08 Anchorage, Alasca
09 / 04-09 / 10 Florença, Oregon
09 / 14-09 / 20 Towaoc, Colorado
24/09/09/30 Grove, Oklahoma
10 / 04-10 / 10 Wichita, Kansas
22/10/10/27 Ellensburg, Washington
31/10/11 05 Santa Bárbara, Califórnia
11 / 08-11 / 14 Laughlin, Nevada

Anexo "A" de 2002

04 / 11-04 / 17 Plant City, Flórida
22/04/04/28 Norwood, Carolina do Norte
05 / 04-05 / 10 Maysville, Kentucky
14/05/05/20 Salina, Kansas
24/05-05 / 30 Saginaw, Texas
06 / 02-06 / 08 Dodge City, Kansas
06 / 11-06 / 17 Roswell, Novo México
20/06/06 / 26 Sierra Vista, Arizona
07 / 01-07 / 07 Long Beach, Califórnia
18/07/07 / 24 Lancaster, Califórnia
27 / 07-08 / 02 Lodi, Califórnia
13/08/08 Pigeon Forge, Tennessee
20/08/08 / 26 Eldon, Iowa
30/08/09/05 Grand Forks, Dakota do Norte
09 / 09-09 / 15 Jamestown, Dakota do Norte
19/09/25 Fairbury, Nebraska
29 / 09-10 / 05 Cheyenne, Wyoming
10 / 08-10 / 14 Nampa, Idaho
17/10/10/23 SeaTac, Washington
27/10/11/02 Pahrump, Nevada
11 / 05-11 / 11 Reno, Nevada

Cronograma "C" de 2002

05 / 03-05 / 09 Rocky Ford, Colorado
13/05/05 / 19 Idabel, Oklahoma
23/05/05 / 29 Woodstock, Illinois
06 / 02-06 / 08 Arcádia, Wisconsin
06 / 12-06 / 18 Kingsford, Michigan
22/06/06/28 Mt Clemens, Michigan
07 / 01-07 / 07 Indianápolis, Indiana
07 / 11-07 / 17 Easthampton, Massachusetts
20/07/07 / 26 Sherman Station, Maine
29.07.08 / 04 Whitinsville, Massachusetts
08 / 08-08 / 14 Toronto, Ohio
19/08/25 Rosebud, Dakota do Sul
28 / 08-09 / 03 Baraga, Michigan
09 / 09-09 / 15 Salisbury, Maryland
18/09/09 24 Beaver, Pensilvânia
28/09/10/04 Oconomowoc, Wisconsin
10 / 07-10 / 13 Kirksville, Missouri
17/10/10/23 Marksville, Louisiana
27/10/11/02 Natalia, Texas
11 / 05-11 / 11 San Angelo, Texas

Cronograma 2003 & quotA & quot

04 / 08-04 / 14 Pacifica, CA
04 / 17-04 / 23 Atascadero, CA
26 / 04-05 / 02 San Jacinto, CA
05 / 05-05 / 11 Holbrook, AZ
05 / 14-05 / 20 Cimarron, NM
24/05-05 / 30 Allen, TX
06 / 02-06 / 08 Pine Bluff, AR
06 / 12-06 / 18 Okmulgee, OK
22/06/06/28 Condado de Gilpin, CO
07 / 02-07 / 06 Weaverville, CA
07 / 11-07 / 17 Kerrville, TX
21/07/07 / 26 Troy, KS
30/07/08 / 05 Florissant, MO
08 / 09-08 / 15 Meridian, MS
29/08/09 / 04 Florença, KY
09 / 07-09 / 13 Fairmont, WV
19/09/09/25 Gardner, MA
29/09/10/05 Ft. Lee, VA
10 / 08-10 / 14 New Bern, NC
17/10/10/23 Bamberg, SC
27/10/11/02 Waycross, GA
11 / 05-11 / 11 Palmetto, FL

Cronograma 2003 & quotC & quot

05 / 05-05 / 11 Montgomery City, MO
20/05-05 / 26 Anamosa, IA
05 / 30-06 / 05 Salem, OH
18/06/24 Mariaville, NY
30/06/07/06 Wheaton, IL
07 / 10-07 / 16 Chadron, NE
21/07/07 / 27 South St. Paul, MN
08 / 04-08 / 10 Belle Fourche, SD
13/08/2019 Yankton, SD
26/08/09 / 01 Durango, CO
09 / 05-09 / 11 Bullhead City, AZ
15/09/09 / 21 Tucson, AZ
25/09/10 / 01 Pomona, CA
10 / 05-10 / 11 Lemoore, CA
15/10/10/21 Los Banos, CA
25/10/10/31 Bridgeport, WA
11 / 03-11 / 09 West Richland, WA
19/11/11/25 Santa Clara, CA

Cronograma 2004 & quotA & quot

27/03 - 02/04 Big Spring, TX
05/04 - 11/04 Johnson City, TX
14/04 - 20/04 Natchitoches, LA
23/04 - 29/04 Wynne, AR
02/05 - 07/05 Oberlin, LA
11/05 - 16/05 Oakley, KS
20/05 - 26/05 Bellefontaine Neighbours, MO
28/05 - 02/06 Quasqueton, IA
05/06 - 11/06 Iola, KS
16/06 - 22/06 Mountain Home, ID
01/07 - 05/07 Hollister, CA
16/07 - 18/07 Bolsas, NM
23/07 - 29/07 Beallsville, OH
03/08 - 09/08 White Cloud, MI
12/08 - 18/08 Loogootee, IN
22/08 - 28/08 Atlanta, GA
09/01 - 09/07 Spring Hill, FL
09/12 - 09/18 Raeford, NC
09/22 - 09/28 London, KY
10/01 - 10/07 Benton, KY
10/11 - 10/17 Supply, NC
10/20 - 10/26 Virginia Beach, VA
10/29 - 11/04 Point Pleasant, WV
11/08 - 11/14 Boca Raton, FL
11/19 - 11/25 LaPorte, TX

2004 Schedule "C"

04/10 - 04/16 Fowler, CA
04/19 - 04/25 Palm Springs, CA
04/29 - 05/05 Lakeside, AZ
05/08 - 05/14 Los Lunas, NM
05/18 - 05/24 Castle Rock, CO
05/27 - 06/02 Worland, WY
06/06 - 06/10 Ainsworth, NE
06/13 - 06/19 West Fargo, ND
06/22 - 06/28 Winger, MN
07/01 - 07/07 Agency Village, SD
07/11 - 07/17 West Branch, IA
07/20 - 07/26 Houston, MN
07/29 - 08/04 Shawano, WI
08/14 - 08/20 Caro, MI
08/23 - 08/29 Kalkaska, MI
09/03 - 09/09 Elysburg, PA
09/14 - 09/20 Seaford, DE
09/23 - 09/29 Lake Hopatcong , NJ
10/02 - 10/08 Queens, NY
10/11 - 10/17 Warren, RI

2005 Schedule "A"

03/22 - 03/28 Tulsa, OK
04/01 - 04/07 Lubbock, TX
04/11 - 04/17 Douglas, AZ
04/22 - 04/27 Ceres, CA
04/30 - 05/06 Santa Barbara, CA
05/10 - 05/16 Fresno, CA
05/20 - 05/25 Hawthorne, NV
05/28 - 06/02 Yuba City, CA
06/07 - 06/13 Richland, WA
06/19 - 06/25 Rifle, CO
06/30 - 07/06 Gregory, SD
07/11 - 07/17 Sault Ste Marie, MI
07/21 - 07/27 Oscoda, MI
08/01 - 08/07 Alpharetta, GA
08/11 - 08/17 Country Club Hills, IL
08/20 - 08/26 Michigan City, IN - Sponsor's web site
08/30 - 09/06 Somerset, KY
09/09 - 09/15 Murray, KY
09/22 - 09/28 Hope Mills, NC
10/03 - 10/09 West Plains, MO
10/12 - 10/18 Independence, KS
10/29 - 11/04 Azusa, CA
11/10 - 11/13 Las Vegas, NV
11/22 - 11/28 Jefferson City, MO
12/04 - 12/11 New Orleans, LA

2005 Schedule "C"

04/05 - 04/10 Selma, AL
04/13 - 04/19 Dahlonega, GA
04/23 - 04/30 Oxford, MS
05/04 - 05/08 Conyers, GA
05/13 - 05/18 Falfurrias, TX
05/21 - 05/22 Selfridge ANGB, MI
05/27 - 06/02 Woodstock, IL
06/14 - 06/19 Tupper Lake, NY
06/22 - 06/28 North Attleboro, MA
07/01 - 07/07 Everett, MA
07/10 - 07/16 Goffstown, NH
07/19 - 07/25 Amesbury, MA
07/26 - 07/31 Bennington, VT
08/02 - 08/08 Wilton, ME
08/11 - 08/16 Waltham, MA
08/19 - 08/24 Meredith, NH
09/10 - 09/16 Racine, WI
09/20 - 09/26 Knoxville, Iowa
09/30 - 10/06 Erie, IL
10/12 - 10/18 Jackson, TN
10/22 - 10/25 Lehigh Acres, FL
10/29 - 11/04 Tavares, FL
11/09 - 11/14 Centerville, OH

Schedule "A" 2006

Schedule "C" 2006

04/27 - 05/01 March AFB, CA
05/04 - 05/08 Yountville, CA
05/24 - 05/30 Fairbanks, AK
06/01 - 06/06 Wasilla, AK
06/08 - 06/13 Eagle River, AK
06/15 - 06/20 Kodiak, AK
06/24 - 06/29 Cordova, AK
07/01 - 07/06 Bethel, AK
07/09 - 07/15 Auke Bay, AK
07/27 - 07/31 Rupert, ID
08/17 - 08/21 Rome City, IN
08/24 - 08/28 New Lexington, OH
08/31 - 09/04 Boonville, IN
09/07 - 09/11 Alma, MI
09/28 - 10/02 Brookfield, WI
10/05 - 10/09 Fawn Grove, PA
10/12 - 10/16 Shelton, CT
10/19 - 10/23 Dublin, VA
10/25 - 10/29 Coinjock, NC
11/02 - 11/06 LaPlace, LA
11/09 - 11-13 Lehigh Acres. FL

Schedule "A" 2007

04/26 - 04/30 Columbiana, OH
05/03 - 05/07 Chester, PA
05/10 - 05/14 Schuykill County, PA
05/17 - 05/21 Union, NJ
05/24 - 05/28 Old Orchard Beach, ME
05/31 - 06/04 Lincoln, ME
06/07 - 06/11 Abington, MA
06/14 - 06/18 Hamden, CT
06/21 - 06/25 Clayton, NY
07/03 - 07/08 Harvey, ND
07/12 - 07/16 Missoula, MT
07/26 - 07/30 Pocatello, ID
08/02 - 08/06 Provo, UT
08/09 - 08/13 Craig, Colorado
08/16 - 08/20 Cripple Creek, CO
08/23 - 08/27 LaCrescent, MN
08/30 - 09/03 Verdigre, NE
09/06 - 09/10 Superior, NE
09/13 - 09/17 Lenexa, KS
09/20 - 09/24 Moberly, MO
09/27 - 10/01 Broken Arrow, OK
10/04 - 10/08 Versailles, MO
10/11 - 10/15 San Angelo, TX
10/18 - 10/22 Early, TX
10/25 - 10/29 Houston, TX
11/01 - 11/05 Slidell, LA
11/08 - 11/12 Minden, LA

Schedule "C" 2007

05/03 - 05/07 Deming, WA
05/17 - 05/21 Florence, OR
05/24 - 05/28 Red Bluff, CA
05/31 - 06/04 Redlands, CA
06/07 - 06/11 San Jacinto, CA
06/14 - 06/18 Bullhead City, AZ
06/21 - 06/25 Alma, NE
07/12 - 07/16 Fort Wayne, IN
07/19 - 07/23 Bloomdale, OH
07/26 - 07/30 Bellefontaine, OH
08/02 - 08/06 White Cloud, MI
08/09 - 08/13 Eaton Rapids, MI
08/16 - 08/19 Lapeer, MI
08/23 - 08/27 Covington, KY
08/30 - 09/03 South Range, MI
09/06 - 09/10 St Cloud, MN
09/13 - 09/17 Cherokee, IA
09/20 - 09/24 River Falls, WI
09/27 - 10/01 Warrens, WI
10/04 - 10/08 Joliet, IL
10/11 - 10/15 California, PA
10/18 - 10/22 Winchester, TN
10/25 - 10/29 Indian Trail, NC - Web Site
11/01 - 11/05 Myrtle Beach, SC

Schedule "A" 2008

04/17 - 04/21 Locust Grove, OK
04/24 - 04/28 Bloomfield, NM
05/01 - 05/05 Fontana, CA
05/08 - 05/12 Covina, CA
05/15 - 05/19 Temple City, CA
05/22 - 05/26 Rancho Palos Verdes, CA
05/29 - 06/02 Stockton, CA
06/05 - 06/09 Keensburg, CO
06/12 - 06/16 Hoxie, KS
06/19 - 06/23 Elkhorn, NE
06/26 - 06/30 Tishomingo, OK
07/03 - 07/07 DeRidder, LA
07/10 - 07/14 Guntersville, AL
07/17 - 07/21 Lawrence, IN
07/24 - 07/28 Algonac, MI
07/31 - 08/04 Marysville, MI
08/14 - 08/18 Alsip, IL
08/21 - 08/25 Sparta, MI
08/28 - 09/01 Hecker, IL
09/04 - 09/08 Liberty, IN
09/10 - 09/15 Brighton, MI
09/18 - 09/22 Wilmington, MA
09/25 - 09/29 St Regis Falls, NY
10/02 - 10/06 Kings Mountain, NC
10/09 - 10/13 Whiteville, NC
10/16 - 10/20 North Charleston, SC
10/23 - 10/27 Tifton, GA
10/30 - 11/03 Davenport, FL
11/06 - 11/11 Miami, FL

Schedule "C" 2008

05/01 - 05/05 Edinboro, PA
05/08 - 05/12 Wellsville, NY
05/15 - 05/19 St Albans, VT
05/22 - 05/26 Center Ossipee, NH
05/29 - 06/02 Middleboro, MA
06/05 - 06/09 Somers Point, NJ
06/12 - 06/16 Richmond Hill, GA
07/03 - 07/07 Bessemer, MI
07/10 - 07/14 Sandstone, MN
07/17 - 07/21 Ely, MN
07/24 - 07/28 Manistique, MI
08/07 - 08/11 Kalkaska, MI
08/14 - 08/18 Blairsville, PA
08/28 - 09/01 Sevierville, TN
09/04 - 09/08 Chicago, IL
09/11 - 09/15 Beaver, PA
09/18 - 09/22 Harrisburg, PA
09/25 - 09/29 Miamisburg, OH
10/09 - 10/13 Princeton, WI
10/16 - 10/20 Delafield, WI
10/23 - 10/27 Little Falls, MN
10/30 - 11/03 Shelbyville, TN
11/06 - 11/11 Panama City, FL

Schedule "A" 2009

04/30 - 05/04 Elyria, Ohio 05/07 - 05/11 Evart, Michigan05/14 - 05/18 Coldwater, Michigan 05/21 - 05/25 Allentown, Pennsylvania 05/28 - 06/01 Newmarket, New Hampshire 06/03 - 06/08 Plymouth, Massachusetts 06/11 - 06/15 West Newton, Pennsylvania 06/25 - 06/29 Munnsville, New York 07/02 - 07/06 Ellwood City, Pennsylvania 07/09 - 07/13 Platteville, Wisconsin 07/16 - 07/20 White Pine, Michigan 07/23 - 07/27 Tilden, Nebraska 07/30 - 08/03 West Branch, Iowa 08/06 - 08/10 Freeburg, Illinois 08/20 - 08/24 Shawnee, Oklahoma 08/27 - 08/31 Weatherford, Oklahoma 09/03 - 09/07 Garnett, Kansas 09/10 - 09/14 Warrenton, Missouri 09/17 - 09/21 Allerton, Iowa 09/24 - 09/28 Milwaukee, Wisconsin 10/01 - 10/05 Downers Grove, Illinois 10/08 - 10/12 Charlestown, Indiana 10/15 - 10/19 Dillsboro, NC 10/22 - 10/26 Gonzales, Louisiana 10/29 - 11/02 Manchester, Tennessee 11/05 - 11/09 Westchester, Illinois

Schedule "C" 2009

05/07 - 05/11 Pilot Point, Texas
05/14 - 05/18 Montrose, Colorado
05/21 - 05/25 Ogden, Utah
05/28 - 06/01 Cathedral City, California
06/11 - 06/15 Lakeport, California
07/02 - 07/06 Marinette, Wisconsin
08/01 - 08/08 Sturgis, South Dakota
08/20 - 08/24 St Ignace, Michigan
08/27 - 08/31 Ashtabula, Ohio
09/03 - 09/07 East Liverpool, Ohio
09/10 - 09/14 Brocton, New York
09/17 - 09/21 Boston, Massachusetts
09/24 - 09/28 Wolfeboro, New Hampshire
10/01 - 10/05 Rocky Mount, Virginia
10/08 - 10/12 Murphy, North Carolina
10/29 - 11/02 Barnwell, SC
11/05 - 11/09 Owensboro, Kentucky

Schedule "A" 2010

05/13 - 05/17 Cheboygan, Michigan
05/20 - 05/24 Carrollton, Kentucky
05/27 - 05/31 Westerville, Ohio
06/03 - 06/07 Springfield, Ohio
06/10 - 06/14 Lynbrook, New York
06/17 - 06/21 West Hartford, Connecticut
06/24 - 06/28 Batavia, New York
07/01 - 07/05 Andover, New York
07/08 - 07/12 Hamburg, Michigan
07/22 - 07/26 Crosby, Minnesota
07/29 - 08/02 Seneca, Kansas
08/05 - 08/09 Anadarko, Oklahoma
08/13 - 08/16 Chowchilla, California
08/19 - 08/23 Norwalk, California
08/26 - 08/30 Ventura, California
09/02 - 09/06 Sacramento, California
09/09 - 09/13 Spanish Fork, Utah
09/16 - 09/20 Watertoen, South Dakota
09/23 - 09/28 LaCrosse, Wisconsin
10/14 - 10/18 Florence, Kentucky
10/28 - 11/01 Pooler, Georgia
11/04 - 11/08 DuQuoin, Illinois

Schedule "C" 2010

05/20 - 05/24 Green Bay, Wisconsin
06/10 - 06/14 Greeley Hill, California
06/17 - 06/21 Reno, Nevada
06/24 - 06/28 Brookings, Oregon
07/01 - 07/05 Fontana, California
07/15 - 07/19 Grand Ronde, Oregon
08/03 - 08/07 Harrison, Michigan
08/26 - 08/30 Almena, Wisconsin
09/02 - 09/06 Mount Vernon, Indiana
09/09 - 09/13 Sikeston, Missouri
09/16 - 09/20 Lamoni, Iowa
09/23 - 09/27 Norton, Kansas
09/30 - 10/04 Clinton, Iowa
10/07 - 10/10 London, Kentucky
10/14 - 10/18 Harbinger, North Carolina

Schedule "A" 2011

04/14 - 04/18 Arlington, MA
04/21 - 04/25 Barboursvilla, WV
04/28 - 05/02 Kathleen, GA
05/05 - 05/09 Carrollton, GA
05/19 - 05/23 Camden, TN
05/26 - 05/30 New Lenox, IL
06/02 - 06/06 Ogdensburg, NY
06/09 - 06/13 Natick, MA
06/16 - 06/20 Chicago, IL
06/23 - 06/27 Maquoketa, IA
06/30 - 07/04 Armour, SD
07/07 - 07/11 Albion, NE
07/21 - 07/25 Westland, MI
07/28 - 08/01 Spooner, WI
08/04 - 08/08 Rugby, ND
08/11 - 08/15 Lewiston, ID
08/25 - 08/29 Rosebud, SD
09/01 - 09/05 Granite City, IL
09/10 - 09/18 Tulsa, OK
09/29 - 10/03 Santa Barbara, CA
10/06 - 10/10 Garden Grove, CA
10/13 - 10/17 Desert Hot Springs, CA
10/20 - 10/24 Kingman, AZ
11/06 - 11/14 Fayetteville, NC

Schedule "A" 2012

05/17 - 05/21 Lawrence, Indiana
05/24 - 05/29 Hot Springs, Arkansas
05/31 - 06/04 Clifton, Tennessee
06/07 - 06/11 Rocky Mount, Virginia
06/14 - 06/18 Indian Trail, North Carolina
06/21 - 06/25 Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania
06/28 - 07/02 Middle Village, New York
07/05 - 07/09 Fairhaven, Massachusetts
07/12 - 07/16 Springfield, Vermont
07/19 - 07/23 Hogansburg, New York
07/26 - 07/30 Solon, Ohio
08/02 - 08/06 Hermitage, Pennsylvania
08/09 - 08/13 Elmore, Ohio
08/16 - 08/20 Birch Run, Michigan
08/23 - 08/27 Sault Ste Marie, Michigan
09/13 - 09/17 Eau Claire, Wisconsin
09/20 - 09/24 Audubon, Minnesota
09/27 - 10/01 Sparta, Illinois
10/04 - 10/08 Farmington, Missouri
10/11 - 10/15 Dubuque, Iowa
10/18 - 10/22 Valley Center, Kansas
10/25 - 10/29 Henderson, Texas
11/01 - 11/05 Jackson, Alabama

Schedule "B" 2012

05/07 - 05/13 Ketchikan, Alaska
05/15 - 05/22 Juneau, Alaska
05/24 - 05/29 Haines, Alaska
06/01 - 06/06 Fairbanks, Alaska
06/08 - 06/13 Wasilla, Alaska
06/15 - 06/21 Ninilchik, Alaska
7/19 - 07/23 Union, Oregon

Schedule "A" 2013

05/23 - 05/27 New Haven, New York
05/30 - 06/03 Medway, Massachusetts
06/06 - 06/10 Malden, Massachusetts
06/13 - 06/17 Willmington, Vermont
06/20 - 06/24 Staceyville, Maine
06/27 - 07/01 Hatfield, Pennsylvania
07/04 - 07/08 Hastings-On-Hudson, New York
07/11 - 07/15 Follansbee, West Virginia
08/01 - 08/05 Middlesborough, Kentucky
08/08 - 08/12 Spencer, Indiana
08/15 - 08/19 Ironton, Ohio

08/22 - 08/26 Three Oaks, Michigan
08/29 - 09/02 Sparta, Michigan
09/12 - 09/16 Pleasant Prairie, Wisconsin
09/19 - 09/23 Washington, Missouri
09/26 - 09/30 Adel, Georgia
10/03 - 10/07 Jackson, Alabama
10/10 - 10/14 Cleveland, Texas
10/17 - 10/21 Rio Rancho, New Mexico
10/31 - 11/04 Camden, Tennessee
11/07 - 11/11 Aurora, Illinois


HAARP

Nossos editores irão revisar o que você enviou e determinar se o artigo deve ser revisado.

HAARP, na íntegra High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program, scientific facility for studying the ionosphere, located near Gakona, Alaska. The main instrument is the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI), an array of 180 radio antennas spread over an area of 0.13 square kilometer (33 acres).

The ionosphere is the outermost layer of Earth’s atmosphere. It begins at about 50 kilometers (30 miles) above Earth’s surface and contains atoms and molecules that are ionized (that is, they lose an electron and become positively charged) by the Sun’s ultraviolet light. The ionosphere is of particular importance for radio because low radio frequencies are reflected off the ionosphere, allowing for long-distance communications. At higher frequencies, radio communications with satellites pass through the ionosphere. The ionosphere is also where the auroras occur when solar wind particles collide with oxygen and nitrogen atoms.

The IRI transmits at frequencies between 2.7 and 10 MHz with a power of 3.6 megawatts. It transmits radio waves upward into the ionosphere, where they cause electrons to move in waves. HAARP is an ionospheric heater, so called because the excitation of electrons increases their temperature, and it is the most powerful ionospheric heater in the world. By altering the density of electrons in a specific region, scientists using HAARP can study how the ionosphere reacts to changing conditions.

Because of the ionosphere’s significance for radio communications, in the early 1990s the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy proposed the HAARP project, and the Air Force began construction in 1993. The site near Gakona was chosen because it was an area of flat ground that was in the North Polar region where auroras occur. The HAARP site was near a major highway but isolated enough that there were no nearby sources of electrical or radio interference. Responsibility for HAARP was transferred to the University of Alaska Fairbanks in 2015.

HAARP became a popular subject of conspiracy theories. Venezuelan Pres. Hugo Chávez blamed it for the 2010 Haiti earthquake, but most such theories about HAARP concern its use for weather modification or mind control. In response, HAARP scientists noted that the ionosphere is far above the troposphere and stratosphere where Earth’s weather actually happens, and, as for any other effects, HAARP scientists stated that the amount of energy the IRI deposits in the ionosphere is far below that supplied naturally by the Sun and that any effects from the IRI quickly dissipate.


History of San Buenaventura Mission

San Buenaventura Mission is the ninth Franciscan mission founded in California, and the last by Father Jun í pero Serra. The site was chosen within the limits of the present Ventura, Ventura County, near the beach and adjoining one of the native villages, and the usual founding ceremonies took place Mar. 31, 1782. The natives seemed pleased with the prospect and readily aided in the construction of the new buildings. The increase in the number of neophytes was not so rapid as at some of the missions. In 1790 there were 385 in 1800, 715 in 1810, 1,297 while the highest number, 1,328, was reached in 1816. In other respects the mission was very successful it had more cattle (10,013 head) and raised more grain (9,400 bushels) in 1800 than any other place in California. Vancouver visited the mission in Nov. 1793, and remarked on the quantity, variety, and general excellence of its vegetables and fruits. The buildings also were excellent, though the new stone church was not completed and dedicated until 1809. During the first decade of the 19th century the mission continued the most prosperous in California. In 1810 there were 21,221 cattle, 3,276 horses and mules, and 8,543 small stock, with an average crop for the decade of 6,400 bushels. Though losing some what by 1820, the mission still retained first place. The earthquake of 1812, which destroyed the church at San Juan Capistrano, also severely injured the new church of San Buenaventura, and it was feared that the whole mission site was settling into the sea, so that all the inhabitants removed to higher ground for three months. After 1820 the mission declined rapidly, both in converts and in material prosperity.

In 1830 there were 726 neophytes, and 626 in 1834. Up to that time the total number of natives baptized was 3,805, of whom 1,909 were children, Secularization does not seem to have been carried out here until 1837. Bancroft estimates that in 1840 there were about 250 Indians in the community and as many more scattered in the district. In 1844 the mission was reported as still fairly prosperous in 1846 the lands were sold for $12,000. The buildings remained in the possession of the Catholic Church, and since 1843 the mission has been the regular parish church of Ventura, which in garbled form was named from the mission. In 1893 the old church was so renovated as to lose much of its historic interest.

The Indians among whom San Buenaventura mission was established belonged to the Chumashan linguistic family, which probably furnished the major portion of the neophytes.


Rugged outposts in a rugged land

Thousands of gold miners, trappers, and other fortune seekers streamed into the U.S. Territory of Alaska in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. To serve them, roadhouses started popping up along the road, trail, and river systems they used. The structures ranged from large tents (sometimes fashioned from muskrat pelts) to massive timber lodges. They were usually spaced every 10 to 12 miles—thought to be the distance a human could dogsled or walk with all their belongings in a day.

Because these were often the sole businesses in the areas where they were built, roadhouses served multiple purposes, renting out bedrooms or bunks, doling out hot meals (caribou stew, sourdough pancakes) and cold whisky. They also functioned as community centers, post offices, saloons, and trading posts for both settlers and Indigenous people. It all depended on the size of the building and the attitude of the owner. Many had stables or kennels for horses or teams of dogs.

“They were gathering places for all kinds of people,” says Helen Hegener, an amateur historian who wrote Alaskan Roadhouses. “They met the needs of those traveling in these harsh regions.”

Roadhouses weren’t grand. The sleeping quarters were usually just big bunk rooms with straw-filled beds separated by curtains, often heated by oil-drum stoves. Travelers would gather in larger communal areas for dining family-style, story swapping, and playing live music.

Still, they were important reprieves from the elements on Alaska’s migratory highways, many of which crossed Indigenous lands. Depending on the weather and where travelers were headed, it could take over a month to hike into the interior from cities like Valdez and Skagway, making roadhouses vital to adventurers and locals, particularly when winter storms hit.

“The people who owned the roadhouses and those traveling between them really leaned on each other,” Hopper says. In 1917, the Donnelly Roadhouse (about 10 miles north of Black Rapids) took in a family stranded in 30 below zero temperatures. The couples’ infant daughter, believed lost in the snow and ice, was found alive a few hours later by two trappers who brought her back unharmed.

Alaska Nellie was a frontierswoman who operated the Grandview roadhouse in the south central part of the territory. She once dogsledded through a blizzard to rescue a stranded, frostbitten mailman before delivering his packages to a waiting train.

“It’s incredible,” says Hopper. “So many of the stories from that era are about surviving.”


LISTEN: Anchorage’s hot air balloon history rises again in ‘Curious Alaska’ column

Sometimes Alaskans have questions they don’t know what to do with.

Enter Curious Alaska, a series by the Anchorage Daily News that solicits reader questions about pretty much anything and sets reporters on them.

The ADN’s Michelle Theriault Boots and Morgan Krakow have been writing the column. Theriault Boots described Curious Alaska and, in one story, how she got to the bottom of why Anchorage doesn’t see as many hot air balloons as it used to.

Casey Grove: I just have two questions. What, and why?

Michelle Theriault-Boots: Good questions. You know, a lot of our reporting obviously is generated from — what do our readers want to know? But this is this kind of a very direct way: There’s this part of our site where you can go on and ask a question. And it’s defined very, very broadly. What are you curious about about Alaska? And we will use our professional reporting muscle to try to answer those questions.

So we got an overwhelming response. We got just incredible questions, and lots of them. They range from questions about the natural history of Alaska to what’s going on with the Fourth Avenue theater to what happened to all the hot air balloons that used to dot the skies of Anchorage. This is a perfect assignment for me because I love going down rabbit holes of all kinds, and this allows me to professionally go down those rabbit holes.

CG: Well, let’s go down that one in particular. What is the deal with hot air balloons? When were they a big deal in Anchorage, and what happened to them?

MTB: So if you lived here in the late 1970s, you’d probably remember around 1976 or ‘77 — sort of pipeline era — hot air ballooning became a thing. And on still summer evenings, it wasn’t uncommon to see half a dozen hot air balloons floating across the sky, in what was then a much less developed city. And in the early ‘80s, it became a pretty big deal. There was a Fur Rendezvous Hot Air Balloon Race —

CG: Wait, in the winter?

MTB: Yes, yes, in the winter. Anchorage winter weather, when it’s still, is actually, apparently, really great for hot air ballooning. And then it kind of, you know, it hit a peak of popularity and then by the mid to late 1980s, almost overnight, it just kind of went away.

CG: So I think when I first saw the tweet about this, it went something like ‘What happened to hot air ballooning in Anchorage? Was it the cocaine?’ Something like that. So I have to ask — was it the cocaine?

MTB: Yeah, that was sort of part of my lead for the story, you know, insurance and cocaine ruined everything. What I was told was that in the early ‘80s there was there was some partying that went on, maybe not strictly by the regs flying, some bad behavior and that for a time, the public’s opinion of hot air balloonists kind of soured a bit. And cocaine was specifically mentioned as a substance of choice in that era.

It was part of this sort of unregulated lifestyle in Anchorage, where you could do something like, you know, light up your hot air balloon on an empty field off of Lake Otis, float around, maybe touch down in the Brown Jug parking lot, get your free bottle of champagne — which was apparently a thing — and float on without a whole lot of red tape, or interference from any sort of government entity.

But as time went on, that sort of changed. And then there was a point at which insurers stopped selling insurance to hot air balloon operators, or made it prohibitively expensive. And it wasn’t necessarily because of any big disaster — there was no big crash, there was no big incident. It was just something that happened that kind of made it unfeasible, and too expensive, for most people to fly their hot air balloons. And, you know, simultaneously, at the same time, the city — a lot of the open spaces that really lent themselves to that filled in with development, making it much harder to just put your hot air balloon down anywhere.

CG: Well, we should probably ask a lawyer what the statute of limitations on hot air balloon crimes is.

MTB: Right, is that . . . a federal crime?

CG: Could be! So, I was looking at the explainer on ADN.com about what Curious Alaska is, and some of the questions that are mentioned there are like, what’s the deal with the Parks Highway igloo? What is Sarah Palin up to? Why are snow machines called snow machines or snow gos depending on where you’re at? Do you have answers to those questions, or are those in the works?

MTB: Those are questions we’ve gotten multiple times before, but we haven’t specifically tackled any of those yet. I can give you a preview — my Curious Alaska that’s coming out this week is about what’s up with those islands in the Aleutians and the Kodiak Archipelago where there’s cattle on them.

What’s up with those remote islands? And I’m not going to tell you the answer, you’re going to have to read it.

CG: So the cattle . . . There’s a lot of grass there but there’s also volcanoes right?

MTB: You’re just gonna have to read it. You’re just gonna have to read the column.


Gold Mining in Alaska

Only about 30,000 weary stampeders finally arrived in Dawson City. Most were gravely disappointed to learn reports of available Klondike gold were greatly exaggerated. For many, thoughts of gold and wealth had sustained them during their grueling journey. Learning they𠆝 come so far for nothing was too much to bear and they immediately booked passage home.

Miners who came to the Yukon in the winter had to wait months for the ground to thaw. They set up makeshift camps in Dawson and endured the harsh winter as best they could. With so many bodies crammed into a small area and sanitary facilities lacking, sickness, disease and death from infectious illness were commonplace.

Other people stayed in Dawson and attempted to mine gold—they usually came up empty-handed. But instead of returning home, they took advantage of Dawson’s booming infrastructure and worked in or opened saloons, supply stores, banks, brothels and restaurants. Most of the town’s merchants made their fortunes off the never-ending supply of miners arriving consumed with gold fever.


Take a lesson from Alaska’s pandemic history. Take the vaccine.

/>Anthony Green holds his son, Theo, 4, on his lap before receiving his first dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at The Alaska Club West in Anchorage on Tuesday, April 6, 2021. "Are you gonna be my hero, my coach?" Green asked his son before sitting down to receive his shot. (Emily Mesner / ADN)

Anthony Green holds his son, Theo, 4, on his lap before receiving his first dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine at The Alaska Club West in Anchorage on Tuesday, April 6, 2021. "Are you gonna be my hero, my coach?" Green asked his son before sitting down to receive his shot. (Emily Mesner / ADN)

A highly contagious germ had existed since the beginning of recorded history. In mummified pharoahs’ bones, evidence of tuberculosis was found. It lived in droplets of breath. After a patient passed, the germ could live 24 hours in the corpse.

You didn’t need to do anything special to acquire it.

Then there came the Poliomyelitis virus. It existed somewhat passively until it spread widely in the first half of the 20th century and became a frightful, paralyzing killer in the 1950s, especially among children. Before knowing how it spread, people would even avoid filling their tires at a gas station in highly infected areas. They feared they would bring polio home with them in their tires. Swimming pools, ponds, movie theaters and schools were closed. Strict isolation became a way of life. It turned out it was in feces.

You didn’t need to do anything special to acquire it.

The COVID-19 virus now exists and is spread in droplets of our breath. You don’t have to do anything special to acquire it. Soa familiar?

Tuberculosis has been eradicated because of antibiotics and hygiene education.

Polio has been eradicated because of vaccines.

In these times of COVID-19, I’m hopeful history will repeat itself with eradication of the virus. COVID-19 now has multiple vaccines. Yours for the taking!

I grew up on the grounds of a tuberculosis sanatorium in Seward. Tuberculosis was an epidemic in the late 1940s and 1950s. The only cure then was surgically opening the chest and removing part or all of a diseased lung. That’s what my dad did. He was a chest surgeon. All staff at the sanatorium wore masks. As children of staff, we were not allowed to enter the wards of the hospital. The merchants discouraged sanatorium staff and their families from shopping in town. We could be carriers of TB. The Sears catalog became our best friend, and a general store was opened on the hospital grounds. My friends and schoolmates were mostly Alaska Native children from the Jesse Lee Home orphanage whose parents were in “The San” with TB, or had died from TB or influenza. We were all stigmatized and a little traumatized.

By 1952, 20% of Seward people were infected with polio. The sanatorium converted part of its facility into a rehabilitation center for polio victims. The day that the Salk vaccine came, all of us kids were supposed to line up for it. To a kid, the syringes were those gigantic stainless-steel pokers that they ran through a blow torch to sterilize after each vaccination. My dad had to find me cowering under my bed to get me to line up for that shot. There was no choice.

Did we do anything special? Looking back, I see that my parents and the rest of the medical people in Seward were pioneer warriors, making sacrifices to rid humanity of the scourge of germs and viruses. They didn’t think they were doing anything special. They just did it. All the while, hoping that maybe tomorrow, maybe tomorrow, a cure would be found.

Anyone hesitant to get vaccinated against COVID-19, take one for Team Alaska. In some cases, take two! It can’t hurt. It can only help. If we cry because it hurts, or wounds our pride, know that too many tears have fallen in lonely hospital beds at the loss of life. Too many grandchildren have been born and only seen on Zoom by grandparents. Too many businesses are failing. Too many schools closed.

Let life as we like it begin again. This would be especially kind of you.

Susan Phillips Cushing is a lifelong Alaskan, artist, poet/writer, social services advocate, wellness coordinator, behavioral health aide and Head Start child development coordinator who has served on many boards of directors. Three governors appointed and reappointed her to the State Council on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault, where she served for seven years. She lives in Homer.


Assista o vídeo: Historia de Buenaventura Parte12 (Junho 2022).


Comentários:

  1. Lach

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  2. Everly

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  3. Kioshi

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  4. Kealan

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  5. Fauzil

    A unidade é a pedra de toque da verdade. S. Vivekananda



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